Miscellaneous: Displaying Lists

List patterns can be used to format variable-length lists of things in a locale-sensitive manner, such as "Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday" (in English) versus "lundi, mardi, vendredi et samedi" (in French). The following patterns need to be translated:

Symbol CLDR Pattern English Pattern English Example Meaning
2 {0} and {1} [ITEM1] and [ITEM2] Saturday and Sunday List of 2 items
start {0}, {1} [FIRST_ITEM], [REMAINING_ITEMS] SaturdaySunday, Tuesday, and Wednesday  The start of a list of 3 or more items
middle {0}, {1} [FIRST_ITEMS], [LAST_ITEMS] Saturday, SundayTuesday, and Wednesday The middle of a list of 4 or more items.
end {0}, and {1} [START_ITEMS], and [LAST_ITEM] Saturday, Sunday, Tuesday, and Wednesday The end of a list of 3 or more items.

There may be some variance within the language. For example, there are two different patterns for the end in English, with or without the comma. Use the convention that is most customary among educated users of your language; if two different conventions are both well established, use the form that is likely to cause fewer ambiguities. In this case CLDR follows the Chicago Manual of Style for English. See also Serial Comma.

Warning: All of the patterns can be used to format any kind of noun phrases: people, places, and things. Examples could be:
  • John, Mary, and Fred
  • Paris, Berlin, and Moscow
  • italian cuisine, sports, and poker
Pick the most neutral formulation you can, so that it works with as many kinds of noun phrases as possible.