English Inheritance

Summary

This proposal intends to solve some of the problems that have come up during our review of the various regional locale variants.  The goal is to create a clear and understandable policy for the various English locales in CLDR.

International English (en_001)

A few releases back, we created the en_001 locale in CLDR, that was intended to remove much of the U.S. specific data that existed in the "en" locale at the time, and serve as the inheritance point for most English locales that didn't have a direct relationship to the U.S.   This was a good starting point, but in order to clean this up and make things more consistent worldwide, the following changes are recommended:

  • Make en_001 be as country neutral as possible.  This would mean making en_001 have the following characteristics:
    1. Date formats - For full, long, medium formats use European style day, month, year.  For numeric dates, use ISO 8601 format.
    2. Time formats - Use 12 hour clock, as this is the predominant format for English speaking locales ( ref : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Date_and_time_representation_by_country)
    3. Spelling of unit names - (metre vs. meter) - Since the BIPM spelling is "metre", "centimetre", etc., The "en_001" locale should prefer "metre" over the American spelling "meter".  Thus, much of the units data that is currently in en_GB would move from there to en_001, and en_GB would just inherit it.
  • Use en_001 as the basis for translation in the CLDR Survey Tool instead of en.
  • Make en_CA (English - Canada) inherit from en_001 instead of en.  The en_CA locale should be reviewed to make sure that items that previously were correctly inherited from "en" (such as well understood time zone abbreviations ) are copied into the en_CA locale.
  • Make sure that proper time formats are in place for en_XX locales, where XX is any country where 12 hour clock is customary according to CLDR's supplemental data.
  • Review the inheritance table (below), making any necessary adjustments.  It has been suggested that en_ZA and en_ZW should inherit from en_GB instead of en_001.

Reference: English locales and inheritance:

 Locale Territory Name
 Inherits From
 en_AG Antigua & Barbuda
 en_001
 en_AI Anguilla en_001
 en_AS American Samoa
 en
 en_AU Australia en_GB
 en_BB Barbados en_001
 en_BE Belgium en_GB
 en_BM Bermuda en_001
 en_BS Bahamas en_001
 en_BW Botswana en_001
 en_BZ Belize en_001
 en_CA Canada en
 en_CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands
 en_001
 en_CK Cook Islands
 en_001
 en_CM Cameroon en_001
 en_CX Christmas Island
 en_001
 en_DG Diego Garcia
 en_GB
 en_DM Dominica en_001
 en_ER Eritrea en_001
 en_FJ Fiji en_001
 en_FK Falkland Islands
 en_GB
 en_FM Micronesia en_001
 en_GB United Kingdom
 en_001
 en_GD Grenada en_001
 en_GG Guernsey en_GB
 en_GH Ghana en_001
 en_GI Gibraltar en_GB
 en_GM Gambia en_001
 en_GU Guam en
 en_GY Guyana en_001
 en_HK Hong Kong
 en_GB
 en_IE Ireland en_GB
 en_IM Isle of Man
 en_GB
 en_IN India en_GB
 en_IO British Indian Ocean Territory
 en_GB
 en_JE Jersey en_GB
 en_JM Jamaica en_001
 en_KE Kenya en_001
 en_KI Kiribati en_001
 en_KN St. Kitts & Nevis
 en_001
 en_KY Cayman Islands
 en_001
 en_LC St. Lucia
 en_001
 en_LR Liberia en_001
 en_LS Lesotho en_001
 en_MG Madagascar en_001
 en_MH Marshall Islands
 en
 en_MO Macau en_GB
 en_MP Northern Mariana Islands
 en
 en_MS Montserrat en_001
 en_MT Malta en_GB
 en_MU Mauritius en_001
 en_MW Malawi en_001
 en_MY Malaysia en_001
 en_NA Namibia en_001
 en_NF Norfolk Island
 en_001
 en_NG Nigeria en_001
 en_NR Nauru en_001
 en_NU Niue en_001
 en_NZ New Zealand
 en_GB
 en_PG Papua New Guinea
 en_001
 en_PH Philippines en_001
 en_PK Pakistan en_GB
 en_PN Pitcairn Islands
 en_001
 en_PR Puerto Rico
 en
 en_PW Palau en_001
 en_RW Rwanda en_001
 en_SB Solomon Islands
 en_001
 en_SC Seychelles en_001
 en_SD Sudan en_001
 en_SG Singapore en_GB
 en_SH St. Helena
 en_GB
 en_SL Sierra Leone
 en_001
 en_SS South Sudan
 en_001
 en_SX Sint Maarten
 en_001
 en_SZ Swaziland en_001
 en_TC Turks & Caicos Islands
 en_001
 en_TK Tokelau en_001
 en_TO Tonga en_001
 en_TT Trinidad & Tobago
 en_001
 en_TV Tuvalu en_001
 en_TZ Tanzania en_001
 en_UG Uganda en_001
 en_UM U.S. Outlying Islands
 en
 en_US United States
 en
 en_VC St. Vincent & Grenadines
 en_001
 en_VG British Virgin Islands
 en_GB
 en_VI U.S. Virgin Islands
 en
 en_VU Vanuatu en_001
 en_WS Samoa en_001
 en_ZA South Africa
 en_001
 en_ZM Zambia en_001
 en_ZW Zimbabwe en_001


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